|2017 Október 18 (Szerda)
||lbert von Szent-Györgyi de Nagyrápolt's birthday
Szent-Györgyi, who was born on Sept 16 1893, won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1937 and was also active in the Hungarian Resistance during the Second World War. After the war he entered Hungarian politics.
The colourful doodle, which is displayed on the website’s homepage, transforms the search engine's name to look like the label on a carton of orange juice.
Szent-Györgyi was born in Budapest. He studied at the Semmelweis University in 1911, but soon “became bored with classes,” and began research in his uncle’s anatomy lab. His laboratory activities was interrupted in 1914 because he served as an army medic in the First World War.
After the war, he continued his research career, eventually earning a position as a Rockefeller Foundation fellow at Cambridge University.
There, he received his PhD in 1927 for his work on isolating what he then called “hexuronic acid” from adrenal gland tissue. Hexuronic acid is now known as the Ascorbic Acid, an organic compound and one form of Vitamin C.
Albert Szent-Gyorgyi suspected the Hexuronic acid to be the “antiscorbutic factor,” but could not prove it without a biological assay. The “ascorbic acid” study was finally done by King’s laboratory at the University of Pittsburgh. The laboratory obtained the adrenal hexuronic acid indirectly from Albert Szent-Györgyi and proved that it was vitamin C by early 1932.
In 1937, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "For his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion process with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid".
Albert Szent-Gyorgyi migrated to the United States in 1947 where he married four times. He died on October 22, 1986 in Massachusetts at the age of 93.
Google regularly replaces its corporate logo with so called Google doodles which celebrate special occasions.
Recently the search engine celebrated music legend Freddie Mercury's 65th birthday with an elaborate animated doodle that showed Mercury singing on stage in front of screaming fans, sitting on a throne wearing a crown and dressed as a woman, and strutting about with a hoover.
Recently, Google has also marked the 112th birthday of Jorge Luis Borges, the famed Argentinian author known for his works that explored dreams and unreality, and the 30th anniversary of the arcade game Pac Man by hosting a playable game on its homepage.