|About Hungarian Saints: PIROSKA
Princess Piroska of Hungary was the daughter of King Ladislaus I the Saint, Szent Laszlo or Saint Ladislaus of Hungary. She married Byzantine Emperor John II Commenus, and she became a saint of the Greek Orthodox Church. Piroska as you know comes from piros, the Hungarian word for "red," and it is a diminutive meaning "little red one," and the red colour was regarded by the Magyars as something very beautiful and rich. But Piroska is probably a pagan Hungarian name, that with Christianity was associated with the Latin name Prisca (Saint Prisca or Priscilla was a Roman martyr of the third century). Princess Piroska was forced against her will to marry John Commenus by her uncle King Kalman (Koloman), a marriage carried out in the interests of the state. When Princess Piroska of Hungary went to live to the imperial court at Constantinople, she became Christian Orthodox and adopted the name Irene, and so she is known as Saint Irene Prisca by the Greek Orthodox Church, canonized due to her piety. She co-founded with her husband in Constantinople the monastery and church of Saint Saviour Pantocrator, where she is buried. She never turned her back on those who were in need, and she attended the needs of Hungarian pilgrims returning from the Holy Land who stopped in Constantinople on their way back home. Her portrait together with those of her husband and son, the future Emperor Manuel I Commenus, are in a mosaic in the basilica of Hagia Sophia or Saint Sophia in Constantinople. My opinion is that even though she is not a Catholic saint but a Greek Orthodox, it is right for Hungarians to regard her as a saint too, and thus to be revered as Saint Piroska, for her Christian virtues defined her sainthood, and because she was Magyar. The source of the picture of Szent Piroska is: Kings & Queens of Hungary - Princes of Transylvania (Hungary: Corvina, 2000), 6. In this book the photo is described as: "Ladislas' daughter, Piroska, who later became empress Eiréné of Byzantium. Mosaic from the Hagia Sophia."
But besides the Hungarian Princess and Byzantine Empress Saint Irene Prisca (Piroska) of the Greek Orthodox Church, the saint for the name Piroska in the Catholic Church would be Saint Prisca, the Roman martyr. This would not be odd, for another case of a pagan Hungarian name that became associated with an originally unrelated Christian and Latin name is Gyula. When Christianity took root in Hungary, the pagan name Gyula became associated with the name Julius, thus the name's day in the Church for Gyula would be the feast of Saint Julius. The name's day for those named Piroska can be celebrated in the feast of Saint Prisca. Szent Piroska's feast in the Greek Orthodox Church, where she is known as Saint Irene or Xenia, is August 13, the day she died. Saint Prisca's (in Hungary Piroska) details are in: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12428c.htm
Here is some information on Princess Piroska (Empress Irene Prisca) I was able to gather quickly:
*1088 táján, +1133.
Szent László király és rheinfeldi Adelhaid leánya.
Bár az ortodox egyház avatta szentté, Piroskát magyar szentként tiszteljük. Miután édesapja meghalt, sokáig Könyves Kálmán udvarában élt. 25 éves korában nehéz lépésre kényszerítette az ország érdeke, mert 1105-ben eljegyezték a bizánci trónörökössel, Ioannés Komménosszal. A házasság megkötéséhez Piroskának át kellett térnie az ortodox hitre, amelyben az Eiréné (Irén) nevet kapta. Szent László leánya jó császárnő és hűséges, segítő hitves lett, aki kitűnt elődei közül az államügyekben való jártasságával. A gazdagságára mint az uralkodásnak az eszközére tekintett. Férjével együtt alapította a konstantinápolyi Pantokrator monostort. Sűrűn fogadott szentföldi zarándokokat, küldötteket magyar földről, soha nem fordított hátat a hazájának, többször közvetített a Magyar Királyság és a Bizánci Birodalom között.
Halála után az ortodox egyházban szentté avatták. Mozaik képét a Hagia Sophia a mai napig őrzi.
Sajnos részletes történeteket nem tudunk róla, de példaként állhat előttünk, mint olyan asszony, aki a hazájától távol is igyekezett minden feladatában jól helytállni, elfogadva és felismerve szerepét az életben.
|aka Prisca von UNGARN; aka Irene Priska (Xenia Piroska) de HONGRIE
The PEDIGREE of
Pyrisca (Irene) ARPAD (Princess; Saint) of HUNGARY
aka Prisca von UNGARN; aka Irene Priska (Xenia Piroska) de HONGRIE
Born: abt. 1088 Died: 1134
Husband: John II COMNENUS
Children: Irene (Anna) von BYZANZ ; Jean Isaac (Sebastocrator) COMNENE ; Maria KOMNENE (Princess) of BYZANTINE EMPIRE ; Manuel I (Manolis) COMNENUS ; Andronikeo (Andronicus) COMNENUS
For Hungarians the main sights of Istanbul: the royal palace of the Topkapi Sarai, the Sublime Porte (the govermental office of the Empire) and the prison fortress of the Seven Towers (Yedikule) symbolize the oppressive might of the Ottoman Empire. But there are also monuments with gentler connotations, such as the Zeyrek Cami which was called in Byzantine times the Monastery of the St Saviour Pantocrator. It is the burial place of Empress Irene who was the daughter of St. Ladislaus (Laszlo), the king of Hungary and married to the Byzantine Emperor John II Commenus. Her piety earned her sainthood in the Orthodox church and her portrait is preserved among the mosaics of the gallery of the Hagia Sophia, along with her husband and her son.
*Piroska (Prisca) Princess of Hungary
born 1088 Esztergom, Komarom, Hungary
died 13 August 1134 Bythnia, Turkey
*Ladislas I 'the Saint' King of Hungary
born about 1041 Krakow
died 27 July 1095
*Adelheid von Rheinfelden Princess of Swabia
born about 1067 Rheinfelden, Schwaben, Germany, Medieval States
*Adelheid von Zahringen
born about 1067
*John (Ionnes) Comnenus II Emperor of Byzantium
born 13 September 1087 Constantinople, Byzantium
died 8 April 1143 Cilicia
Alexios of Byzantum born February 1105/06 Balabista, Makedonia, Greece
died 1142 Antioch
Maria Komnene born February 1105/06 Balabista, Makedonia, Greece
Andronikos Komnenos born 1108 Balabista, Makedonia, Greece died 1142
Anna Komnene born 1110 Constantinople, Byzantium
Isaak Komnenos born 1115 Constantinople, Byzantium died 1174
Theodora Komnene born 1116 Constantinople, Byzantium died 1179
Eudoxia Komnene born 1119 Constantinople, Byzantium
*Manuel (Manolis) I Comnenus Emperor of Byzantium born 28 November 1122 Constantinople, Byzantium
died 24 September 1180
biographical and/or anecdotal:
notes or source: